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Medicine

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Drug Testing, Drug Abuse, Alcohol And Drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse

Nail and Hair Samples Show Alcohol Consumption Over Last 90 Days

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United States Drug Testing Laboratories (USDTL) launched two new tests for monitoring long-term alcohol exposure on Friday. Using fingernail and hair specimens, the new assay is the first and only test to report a donor’s alcohol exposure for the past 90 days reliably.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Self-esteem, Narcissism, Addiction, sex, Food, Entitlement, Liking, Wanting

Young People Say Sex, Paychecks Come in Second to Self-Esteem

Young people may crave boosts to their self-esteem a little too much, new research suggests.

Science

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Cattle, Grazing, Soil Degredation, soil restoraton, Best Management Practices, Carbon Sequestration, nutrient management

Cattle Can Help Restore Degraded Soil

A study funded by the USDA – Agriculture Research Service has tested cattle grazing on degraded soil to determine if the activity would have any effect on restoring depleted nutrients.

Medicine

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Smoking Cessation, Loyola University Health System, Kick The Habit, Cigarettes, Smoking, Angelos Halaris

Here's How To Finally Give Up Cigarettes For Good

Loyola to co-host a free smoking-cessation clinic at the Maywood Public Library.

Medicine

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Dr. Ronald Crystal, Cocaine Addiction, Drug Addiction, Vaccine Design

Vaccine Blocks Cocaine High in Mice

Researchers have produced a lasting anti-cocaine immunity in mice by giving them a safe vaccine that combines bits of the common cold virus with a particle that mimics cocaine.

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Brain Imaging Studies Examine How Anti-Smoking Medications May Curb Cravings

The smoking cessation medications bupropion and varenicline may both be associated with changes in the way the brain reacts to smoking cues, making it easier for patients to resist cravings, according to two reports posted online today that will appear in the May print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Medicine

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Alcohol Addiction, Obese Patients, hyper palatable food, Alcoholism, Obesity

Risk for Alcoholism Linked to Risk for Obesity

Addiction researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a risk for alcoholism also may put individuals at risk for obesity, and the association between a family history of alcoholism and obesity risk has become more pronounced in recent years.

Medicine

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Underage Drinking-Related Emergency Department Visits Increase More than 250 Percent on New Year’s Day

Hospital emergency department visits involving underage drinking increased more than 250 percent on New Year’s Day according to a new study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The brief study shows that on New Year’s Day 2009, there were an estimated 1,980 emergency department visits involving underage drinking, compared to 546 such visits on an average day that year - a 263 percent increase.

Medicine

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New Study Shows Dramatic Shifts in Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Among the States Between 1998 and 2008

Nationwide percentage of treatment admissions primarily linked to alcohol has declined, while the percentage primarily linked to illicit drugs has increased.

Medicine

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Common Method for Smoking Cessation May Not be Best Option

Motivational interviewing, a popular counseling technique for many addictive behaviors, might not be the ideal treatment choice for those who smoke cigarettes. A University of Alabama at Birmingham researcher says the reason might be, well — motivation. In findings published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Peter S. Hendricks, Ph.D., says that motivational interviewing produced only modest improvement for people in treatment for smoking-cessation. The results were surprising because the technique has been effective for other addictive substances.







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